Pre-Columbian Maya walled city, Tulum is the site which plays the role of the major port for Cobá. Situated on 12-meter high cliffs, the ruins are alive on the east coast of the Yucatán Peninsula on the Caribbean Sea which lies in the state of Quintana Roo, in Mexico. One of the last cities that was inhabited and was built by the Mayans, was Tulum. But after the Spanish started occupying Mexico it only managed to survive for about 69 years. Tulum remained highly developed for two centuries. It is one of the best preserved coastal Mayan sites. Tulum is a very popular site today for the tourists from across the world.
Tulum is also known by a name Zama, which means City of Dawn. The name was given so because it faces the sunrise. The first European to discover Tulum was Tulum Juan Diaz. He was an eminent part of Juan de Grijalva’s Spanish mission of 1518. The first published detailed description of the ruins in a book, Incidents of Travel in Yucatan, was written by John Lloyd Stephens and Frederick Cather Wood. All of them arrived from the sea and saw a tall building. They made accurately the site’s wall maps and sketches.
The Tulum is that kind of an archaeological site which always has been relatively compact compared with many other Mayan sites. It is thus one of the best preserved coastal Mayan sites. Its advantgae of being proximate to the modern tourism developments and its short distance from Cancun along the Mexican Caribbean coastline has made it a most popular Mayan site for tourists in Yucatan. A lot of tourists visit this place daily via bus rides. After Teotihuacan and Chichen Itza, the third most visited archeological site in Mexico is the Tulum ruins. It is popular for the picturesque quality of the Caribbean.
A large number of cenotes are located in the Tulum area like the Naharon, Temple of Doom, Maya Blue, Tortuga, Nohoch Kiin and Carwash cenotes , Vacaha, Grand Cenote, Abejas and cave systems. The tourist site is now divided into broadly four main locales: the archaeological site, the Pueblo (or town), the Zona Hotelera (or hotel zone) and the biosphere reserve of Sian Ka’an. These are the four main areas in which the tourist destination is divided.
If we talk about the trade, Copper artifacts from the Mexican lands which have been found near the site, has always been a topic of interest. These include flint artifacts, ceramics, incense burners, and gold objects from all over Yucatán. Salt and textiles were few essential imports that were brought to Tulum. The typical exported goods often included feathers and copper objects that came from inland sources. These goods were transported by the sea to rivers such as the Río Motagua and the Río Usumacincta or Pasión system that could be taken inland giving oceangoing canoes access to both the highlands and the lowlands.
Tulum ruins remain to enchant the visitors visiting this city till date. The place has its own majestic charm, which stays tied with your memoirs for a lifetime. No matter what you do, but you cannot forget this magical city ever.